A series on Water in Paris
Part 1: La Seine
We all associate the Seine with Paris even though this river only runs 13 of its 776 kilometers in Paris. In fact La Seine starts not too far from Dijon on a plateau at a place called Source-Seine. Its origins are several springs of clear ground water that flow together on the surface forming a small stream. A spring has always been an important place throughout history and in this particular case the source of the Seine was known and revered back in the time of Gaul. This spring was the kingdom of the goddess or nymphe Séquanna and she gave her name to the river in about the 1st century.
The Seine, in French, is called a fleuve. We don’t have a specific word for this in English. A fleuve is different than a rivière. A fleuve flows into the ocean and a rivière flows into an inland body of water. France has 5 major fleuves and many, many rivières.
Today the Seine’s flow is controlled by a series of lakes and canals upstream that hold water in the winter and the release water for flow in the summer which is in turn controlled by the locks at Suresnes just downstream from Paris. This system allows river traffic to navigate all year round and most flooding is prevented. The Seine is a maritime highway with a large river port on the edge of Paris at Gennevilliers and a deep water port for ocean going vessels in Rouen. 25 millions tons of cargo pass through the port at Rouen each year. Upstream from Rouen the cargo is carried on smaller ships called barges.
Did you know that a barge on the river can carry the same volume of cargo as 4 trains or 220 semi-trucks?
There are lots of fish and birds on the river too. 52 species of fish populate the length of the Seine and nine live in Paris itself. All the traffic keeps the numbers and variety of fish lower in the city, but that doesn’t prevent the fishermen from plying the waters. To learn more about the fish visit the nursery and fresh water aquarium in Levallois. There’s a basin for touching the fish and they organize fishing outings too. www.maisondelapeche.net Sept 19-20 is the Seine Fishing Festival.
To learn more about La Seine we suggest the following books:
- The Secret Life of the Seine by Mort Rosenblum
- La Seine en Ile-de-France, Encyclopédies du Voyage Gallimard
- La Seine, vu d’en haut by Yann Arthus-Bertrand
- La Seine, Elaine Sciolino
This article is the first in a series on Water in Paris. Revisit for future installments.